Gastroscopy —The procedure called gastroscopy involves the placing of an endoscope (a small flexible tube with a camera and light) into the stomach and duodenum to search for abnormalities. Tissue samples may be obtained to check for H. pylori bacteria, a cause of many peptic ulcers. An actively bleeding ulcer may also be cauterized (blood vessels are sealed with a burning tool) during a gastroscopy procedure.
Colonoscopy —a test that allows your doctor to look at the inner lining of your large intestine (rectum and colon). He or she uses a thin, flexible tube called a colonoscope to look at the colon. A colonoscopy helps find ulcers, colon polyps, tumors, and areas of inflammation or bleeding.
Gall Bladder Surgery (Cholecystectomy ) —The surgical removal of the gallbladder. The operation is done to remove the gallbladder due to gallstones causing pain or infection. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy—The gallbladder is removed with instruments placed into small incisions in the abdomen.
Colonic Surgery and Rectal Surgery —Surgical forms of treatment for these conditions include: colectomy, ileo/colostomy, polypectomy, strictureplasty, hemorrhoidectomy (in severe cases of hemorrhoids), anoplasty, and more depending on the condition the patient suffers from. Diagnostic procedures, such as a colonoscopy, are very important in colorectal surgery, as they can tell the physician what type of diagnosis should be given and what procedure should be done to correct the condition. Other diagnostic procedures used by colorectal surgeons include: proctoscopy, defecating proctography, sigmoidoscopy. In recent times, the laparoscopic method of surgery has seen a surge of popularity, due to its lower risks, decreased recovery time, and smaller, more precise incisions achieved by using laparoscopic instruments.
Hernia Repair —refers to a surgical operation for the correction of a hernia (a bulging of internal organs or tissues through the wall that contains it.
Conservative Surgery for Breast Cancer —a less radical cancer surgery than mastectomy. Breast—conserving surgery, as in a lumpectomy removes part of the breast tissue during surgery, as opposed to the entire breast.
Sentinel Node Biopsy —Sentinel node biopsy is a surgical procedure used to determine if cancer has spread beyond a primary tumor into your lymphatic system. Sentinel node biopsy is used most commonly in evaluating breast cancer and melanoma.
Pacemaker Surgery —The procedure to implant a pacemaker is usually quick. It does not require open—heart surgery, and most people go home within 24 hours. Before the surgery, medication is usually given to make you sleepy and comfortable. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
Melanoma Surgery —Treatment includes surgical removal of the tumor, adjuvant therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation and experimental therapies, including a new generation of targeted agents being investigated in clinical trials. The chance of a cure is greatest when the tumor is discovered while still small and, thin, and where the entire tumor can be removed surgically.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Surgery —The goal of surgical treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is to destroy or remove the tumor so that no malignant tissue is allowed to proliferate further.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Surgery —Squamous cell carcinomas detected at an early stage and removed promptly are almost always curable and cause minimal damage. However, left untreated, they eventually penetrate the underlying tissues and can become disfiguring.